type of offences
By definition, an assault is committed when one person commits an act of violence against another, or threatens such an act putting the victim in fear. An accused person does not have to touch the victim to assault them. Therefore an assault can also be committed by threatening behaviour.
The injury may be regarded as a serious injury. That is that a single injury is a serious one – for example a broken nose or a cut or wound of significance. Further, a combination of injuries can be a serious injury. In those instances, the police will charge that the accused caused injury seriously or recklessly. If the accused causes the death of the victim, the accused may be charged with a range of offences including manslaughter and murder.
The most common drug offences are possession and use of drugs of dependence. Use includes injecting, smoking, inhaling and swallowing. An accused can also be charged by the police if they admit to having used a drug of dependence. Possession means physically having the drug on you, in your place of residence or in your motor vehicle.
Occupational Health And Safety Prosecutions
Prosecutions by Victoria’s Workcover Authority, or ‘WorkSafe’ can be brought against an employer under a number of Acts or Regulations.
Robbery / Burglary
What Is A Robbery? Robbery under the Crimes Act is constituted by the following three elements.
Online offences involve the use of a ‘carriage service’ (the internet or mobile phone for example) to commit criminal offences. While online offences cover financial and malicious behaviour, the most common online offences I find clients charged with relate to child exploitation material.
I act on behalf of people charged by Police. Often the charges are traffic offences, from minor to very serious.
It is an offence to sexually penetrate or commit an indecent act a child under the age of 16. This is so regardless of whether or not the child has given consent.
A rape occurs in circumstances where a person does not consent to penetration of the vagina, mouth or anus by a penis, finger, tongue or object. It is not a defence that the penetration was only be partial or for very short time
The most common dishonesty offence is theft, and the community has an understanding that theft is stealing property that does not belong to you. The legal definition of theft is that it is the dishonest appropriation of property belonging to another with the intention to permently deprive. The prosecution must prove each of these 5 elements.
Drink driving refers to the operation a motor vehicle whilst being over the prescribed amount of Blood Alcohol Content (BAC). In Victoria the prescribed BAC amounts are .00 for professional drivers (taxi, bus, truck drivers etc) and those on ‘P plates’, and .05 for fully licence drivers.
It is an offence to use deceit to obtain property belonging to another which you intend to keep.
An intervention order is an order made by a Magistrate at the Magistrates’ Court to protect a person who has experienced violent or threatening behaviour from another individual.